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Eyewitnesses who made a suspect ID or a filler ID were asked to supply a confidence rating on a 3-point scale (positive, strong tentative, or weak tentative). The critical results are reproduced in Figure by: The Relationship between Eyewitness Confidence and Identification Accuracy: A New Synthesis. Introduction. In his book. On the Witness Stand, Hugo Munsterburg () warned about the unreliability of eyewitness memory. As it turns out, he was prescient. Since , wrongfulFile Size: KB. eyewitnesses are tested using appropriate identification procedures, the confidence they express can be, and usually is, a highly reliable indicator of accuracy (Brewer. Importantly, across all experiments, eye-closure increased accuracy without significantly inflating confidence or impairing confidence-accuracy relations. Moreover, in Experiment 3, reducing distraction (e.g., through eye-closure) significantly reduced by: 9.
The Relationship Between Eyewitness Confidence and Identification Accuracy: A New Synthesis. There has been a growing belief within the legal system that there is little to no relationship between the confidence with which an eyewitness identifies a person from a lineup and the accuracy of that identification. Effects of eye-closure on confidence-accuracy relations in eyewitness testimony. Confidence judgments about the quality of memory can have serious implications in eyewitness settings. Three experiments investigated the effect of eye-closure during eyewitness interviews on confidence-accuracy relations in event recall. THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN CONFIDENCE AND ACCURANCY: CURRENT THOUGHTS OF THE LIT-ERATURE AND A NEW AREA OF RE-SEARCH Kevin Krug Southeastern Oklahoma State University Many believe the levels of confidence eyewitness’ express when identifying crimi-nal suspects in lineups or testifying in trials make good predictors of their memory accu-racy. research in this area to support or to contradict the usefulness of eyewitnesses in court setting. It is crucial as the reliability of eyewitness might determine the outcome of the court’s decision. 2. Literature Review Confidence vs accuracy A research on accuracy and confidence was conducted by Ordinot, Wolters and van Koppen (
The confidence-accuracy relationship in eyewitness identification: the effects of reflection and disconfirmation on correlation and calibration. Brewer N(1), Keast A, Rishworth A. Author information: (1)School of Psychology, Flinders University, Adelaide, South Australia. @d by: the cognitive literature that there is a positive relationship between eyewitnesses' confidence and their accuracy, much research in eyewitness testimony appears to contradict this assumption. Reviews suggest that there is either no relationship, or only a small positive. Eyewitness Confidence Can Predict Accuracy of Identifications, Researchers Find Psychological Science in the Public Interest Many individuals have been falsely accused of a crime based, at least in part, on confident eyewitness identifications, a fact that has bred distrust of eyewitness confidence in the US legal system. The one factor that matters most in interpreting an eyewitness statement of confidence is timing, Wixted and Wells find. Confidence is only informative at the time that eyewitnesses first make their identification, before they are exposed to various influences that can compromise memory.